Tenerife is the largest of the seven Canary Islands, Spain, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. Tenerife has an area of 2034.38 square kilometers, and 899,833 inhabitants. It is the most populated island of the Canary Islands and Spain.
About 43% of the population of the Canary Islands is on this island.
About five million tourists visit Tenerife each year, which is also one of the busiest Spanish resorts and the first of Canary Islands.
Tenerife also has one of the world’s largest carnivals, and the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife now aspires to become a World Heritage Site. Tenerife is the only Spanish island that has two airports. Tenerife receives the largest number of tourists each year and it is also headquarters of the main financial institution of the archipelago and the economic capital of the Canary Islands.
Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the capital of the island and the seat of the island council (cabildo insular).
The city is the capital of the autonomous community of Canary Islands (shared with Las Palmas), sharing governmental institutions such as Presidency and ministries.
Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927 Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands, until 1927 a decree was ordered that the capital of the Canary Islands be shared, as it remains as at present.
The island is home to the University of La Laguna, which was founded in 1792 and it is the oldest university of the Canaries. San Cristóbal de La Laguna (World Heritage Site) is the second city of the island and the third one of the archipelago. The city of La Laguna was also capital of the Canary Islands until Santa Cruz replaced it in 1833. Tenerife also has the highest elevation of Spain, a World Heritage Site that is the third largest volcano in the world from its base, El Teide. The island’s capital contains the architectural symbol of the Canary Islands, the modern Auditorio de Tenerife.
Tenerife is known internationally as the “Island of Eternal Spring” (Isla de la Eterna Primavera).
The island, being on a latitude of the Sahara Desert, enjoys a warm climate year-round with an average of 20° – 22°C in the winter and 26° – 28°C in the summer and high sunshine totals.
The moderate climate of Tenerife is controlled to a great extent by the tradewinds, whose humidity, principally, is condensed over the north and northeast of the island, creating cloud banks that range between 600 and 1,800 meters in height.
The cold sea currents of the Canary Islands, also have a cooling effect on the coasts and its beaches and the topography of the landscape plays a role in climatic differences on the island with its many valleys.